This study evaluated whether deep learning frameworks trained in large datasets can help non-dermatologist physicians improve their accuracy in categorizing the seven most common pigmented skin lesions. Open-source skin images were downloaded from the International Skin Imaging Collaboration (ISIC) archive. Different deep neural networks (DNNs) (n = 8) were trained based on a random dataset constituted of 8015 images. A test set of 2003 images was used to assess the classifiers’ performance at low (300 × 224 RGB) and high (600 × 450 RGB) image resolution and aggregated data (age, sex and lesion localization). We also organized two different contests to compare the DNN performance to that of general practitioners by means of unassisted image observation. Both at low and high image resolution, the DNN framework differentiated dermatological images with appreciable performance. In all cases, the accuracy was improved when adding clinical data to the framework. Finally, the least accurate DNN outperformed general practitioners. The physician’s accuracy was statistically improved when allowed to use the output of this algorithmic framework as guidance. DNNs are proven to be high performers as skin lesion classifiers and can improve general practitioner diagnosis accuracy in a routine clinical scenario.
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